Having Human Resource Development and Organizational Transformation as its pillars of excellence or operational areas, Oromia State University first came into being as a short term training institute - Oromia Management Institute (OMI) in 2000. In 2005, the institute was scaled up to a college level and named: Public Service College of Oromia (PSCO). In January 2017 the institution has been granted the status of higher learning institution and has been given its current name, OSU following Regulation No 190/2009 of the Oromia Regional State Council.
The university , as a capacity building higher learning institution, has been contributing its share in the ongoing process of institutional transformation, peace building, governance, and development by providing better education, training and consultancy as well as undertaking problem solving researches aimed at transforming public sectors in the Oromia Regional State and beyond. The university has carried out a wide range of commendable activities and has obtained considerable amount of achievements and recognitions in the betterment of the livelihood of the people of the region in general and building capacity in the public sector in particular.
As per its leadership, the university is led by a President who is assisted by four vice presidents:
- Vice President for Academic Affairs,
- Vice President for Reform, Research and Community Service ,
- Vice President for Partnership and Business Developmeent, and
- Vice President for Administration and Student Services.
Taking into account the fast-changing national quest for reform in the public sectors in particular and educational dynamics in general the university has been undertaking various reform schemes. Currently, the university has committed itself for overall expansion in education, training and consultancy services. Most importantly, it has given due attention to expand its research and community services so that the challenges to implement development policies and strategies could be supported by scientific research findings and recommendations. In line with this, our national research symposiums are being organized with the aim of disseminating problem solving research findings to the end users in the public sectors. The research projects are undertaken in vital areas of public sector intervention.
The university has the following academic units and institutions:
- College of Law and Governance
- College of Development Studies
- College of Finance and Management Studies
- College of Science and Technology
- College of Health Science
- Oromo Language, Arts and Cultural Studies Institute
- Public Sector Reform and Human Resource Development Institute
- Economic & Financial Affairs Institute
- Public Policy, Social, and Legal Research Institute